CMP 010 - Fractures

Fracture vs dislocation

Open / Closed

Types of Fractures

  • Greenstick - Incomplete fracture. … (common in children)

  • Transverse - The break is in a straight line across the bone.

  • Spiral - The break spirals around the bone; common in a twisting injury.

  • Oblique - Diagonal break across the bone.

  • Compression - The bone is crushed, causing the broken bone to be wider or flatter in appearance.

Untreated fractures of the lower limbs can lead to significant blood loss, which may be external and obvious, or covert. The estimated blood loss for a closed fracture of the femur is 1000–1500 ml and for a closed fracture of the tibia is 500–1000 ml. These figures can be doubled if the fracture is open.


  • Fingers

  • Clavicle

  • Arms

  • Ribs

  • Hip / Pelvis

  • Femur

  • Lower Legs


  • Pulse - Motor - Sensory

Types of splints:

  • Air Splints

  • “SAM Splints”

  • Magazines

If no pulse then you may need to reset it, “make it look normal”. If no pulse then treat like you have a TQ.

TCCC Updated Guidelines on TQs

  • RMT

  • TX2/3

  • SAM

Product of the week: Acti Splint - code: civilianmedical for 10% off.

Dynarex version of the SAM Splint

Finger, Flat, and Rolled Version

Rolled comes with Sensi-wrap (everything you need to use is included”