CMP 007 - Head Injuries and Hypothermia

FRN Meetup

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Head Injuries and Heat Loss

Head Injuries


How to diagnose in the field:

Altered Mental Status
Trauma to Head

Dizziness

Memory Loss

Nausea

Feeling Tired

Sensitivity to light or noise

Unequal pupils in a late sign

Concussions

Slow Bleeds - subdural bleeds

Quick Bleeds - epidural bleeds

AMS patients should be disarmed - make it a fair fight

Hypothermia is part of the lethal triad

  • Lethal triad: A combination of acidosis, coagulopathy and hypothermia that usually leads to death in a patient experiencing trauma.

    • Acidosis: Lower than normal pH due to increased hydrogen ion concentration.

    • Coagulation system: A temperature- and pH-dependent series of complex enzymatic reactions that result in the formation of blood clots to stop both internal and external hemorrhage.

    • Coagulopathy: Any disorder of the blood that makes it difficult for blood to coagulate.

    • Hypothermia: Lowered body core temperature.

Temp below 95 F / 32 C can effect how the body clotts

Product of the week

SWAT-T

Great for kids and children

Multiple use tourniquet / pressure bandage

Works great IF you have both hands free

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